In 3 studies of death row inmates of ALL colors, most were found to have had a troubled childhood. Most of them had been repeatedly beaten by their fathers, their stepfathers or by their mothers’ boyfriends. Most of them had been raised in homes or inner city neighborhoods where the illegal use of drugs was a matter of course. Most of them had been exposed to sexual violence from infancy on up The tragic quest for a nurturing father figure leads vacant eyed "lost boys" to soulless depravities of organized gangs, terrorism, and mindless violence. Most street violence has been found to be done by young black men without father figures. Nationwide, only 17 percent of African-American children reach the age of 17 in a family with their married biological parents. Studies show that more than 19 million children of all races across the country, 26 percent are living without a father figure in the home. In Baltimore, among African-American children, the rate is 69 percent.